06 Feb How to Improve Retirement Security: Bipartisan Solutions in Retirement and Social Security
For millions of Americans, retirement is an uncertain prospect. At a time when people are living longer, and incomes are stagnant, many are at risk of outliving their savings. Even with income from programs like Social Security, nearly 1 in 10 elderly Americans live in poverty, and the Employee Benefit Research Institute projects that over 40 percent of Gen Xers will run short of money in retirement. The personal savings situation is dire for many working-age households as well; in a recent survey, nearly half of all adults said they would be unable to come up with $400 in an emergency without selling their possessions or borrowing.
These are complex issues, but some of the causes are clear. Many workers lack access to workplace retirement savings plans and others are not taking advantage of them. Emergency expenses often lead people to drain their retirement accounts early, and even when Americans successfully build up a nest egg, there is no clear path to make sure those savings last. To top it all off, Social Security faces significant financial challenges, with a large cut in benefits on the horizon if no action is taken. These problems will only grow worse if Congress does not act.
The Bipartisan Policy Center‘s Commission on Retirement Security and Personal Savings, led by former Senator Kent Conrad and Jim Lockhart, tackled these challenges head on in its recent report. The comprehensive, bipartisan package of recommendations would increase retirement savings for tens of millions of Americans and reduce old age poverty. Further details can be found in the report, but the proposals can be grouped into three main categories for improving retirement security:
- Improve Access and Make Saving Easier
A major component of the solution comes down to the fact that we must increase access to and participation in workplace retirement savings plans. Policy reforms ought to remedy these barriers to retirement security, helping people accumulate and preserve assets during their working years.
The Commission’s recommendations include several policy changes to achieve this goal, such as enabling a version of open multiple employer plans (“open MEPs”) for small businesses to offer their workers, renewing and improving the myRA program for those without other options at work, enhancing tax and regulatory policy that improve employer and worker incentives for saving, and making it is easier for savers to keep funds within tax-preferred plans and more difficult to withdraw them prematurely without good reason.
- Help Transform Nest Eggs into Retirement Income
Longer life expectancies and the erosion of traditional pensions means that Americans need new ways to make their savings last and turn them into a lifetime of income. Unfortunately, many households underestimate their needs, and others lack easy access to financial tools that can reduce the risk of outliving their savings. Informed policymaking can help address these issues and provide solutions to make savings last.
The Commission’s recommendations include encouraging the provision of more information and retirement income options within employer plans, making it easier for individuals to purchase guaranteed lifetime-income products, facilitating the use of home equity for financial stability in retirement, and improving Americans’ financial capability by encouraging financial knowledge and planning from an early age. This includes communicating the consequences of claiming Social Security too early, which results in lower monthly benefits for life.
- Strengthen and Modernize Social Security
Social Security is the foundation of retirement security in our country, and its success in reducing and limiting poverty among older Americans is well documented. While we have known for decades that the system in its current form is unsustainable, policymakers have failed to address the problem. These decades of inaction now threaten the solvency and future viability of the program. . Every year that policymakers delay action, the costs of fixing the program increase for workers and retirees alike. We need to save our Social Security system for today’s seniors and for generations to come.
The Commission’s recommendations, which reflect a balanced blend of new revenue and restraints on benefits, include updating the benefit formula to make it more progressive, indexing the retirement age to longevity, changing the measure of inflation used to determine the annual cost-of-living adjustment, updating spousal and survivors benefits, raising the cap on taxable wages, gradually raising the payroll tax, increasing taxes on benefits for high-income beneficiaries, replacing the windfall elimination and government pension offset, and improving the Disability Insurance program.
We believe that implementing these recommendations will significantly increase the wellbeing of millions of current and future Americans in retirement.
To build on this important work and that of dozens of other experts and practitioners, the Bipartisan Policy Center has launched the Funding Our Future campaign, which is a diverse coalition of more than 35 partner organizations that all support strengthening retirement security in America. The campaign is working to highlight the challenges surrounding retirement security in this country and to demonstrate that solutions exist. All of the partner organizations agree that policymakers must focus their energies on this issue and act to make a more secure retirement possible for millions of Americans across the country.
The Bipartisan Policy Center is committed to working across the aisle to solve difficult problems, and we hope that you will view us as a resource as you continue to debate policies and legislation that will improve retirement security for American families.